Eph 2:14 ¶ For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us;
We are usually lead to believe that this ‘wall’ kept the Gentiles out. But – consider this;
The First Temple – The Hebrew Bible reports that the First Temple was built in 957 BCE by King Solomon (reigned c. 970-c. 930 BCE). According to Deuteronomy, as the sole place of Jewish sacrifice (Deuteronomy 12), the Temple replaced the portable sanctuary (aka The Tabernacle) constructed in the Sinai Desert under the auspices of Moses, as well as local sanctuaries, and altars in the hills. This temple was however sacked a few decades later by Sheshonk I, Pharaoh of Egypt.
Although efforts were made at partial reconstruction, it was only in 835 BCE when Jehoash, King of Judah in the second year of his reign invested considerable sums in reconstruction, only to have it stripped again for Sennacherib, King of Assyria c. 700 BCE. The First Temple was totally destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BCE when they sacked the city.
The Second Temple was an important Jewish Holy Temple (Hebrew: בֵּית־הַמִּקְדָּשׁ הַשֵּׁנִי: Bet HaMikdash HaSheni; Arabic: بيت القدس: Beit al-Quds) which stood on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem during the Second Temple period, between 516 BCE and 70 CE. It replaced the First Temple which was destroyed in 586 BCE, when the Jews of the Kingdom of Judah went to exile, known as Babylonian Captivity. Jewish eschatology includes a belief that the Second Temple will in turn be replaced by a future Third Temple.
This is frustratingly difficult to prove – if you find more substantiation Please feel free to send – although I did find this that undergirds the same asserted premise.
“…Within the court of the Israelites was that of the (Levite) priests, which was separated by a low wall one cubit in height…”
The point is there would have been no reason for the First Temple to have a wall to separate gentiles in this autonomous Israelite Kingdom Nation. The only reason for a wall of separation was to separate Levite Priests from non-Priest Israelites.
The wall separating gentiles; was King Herod’s addition to King Herod’s Second Temple. The question is why would the Bible need to concern itself with a unTorah addition by an unTorah King? For we know by Torah that Yah had set a difference between the Levites and the Firstborn (including all Israel) because of the Covenant-breach (Ex.32 / Num.3:12; 8:17)
The significance of this is that this ‘wall’ by First Temple standards was to separate those who could be priests (Levites) from those who could not (all the rest). Since Yahshua our Melkizedeq High Priest has come ‘we’ (all including ‘all the rest’) are called into the Melkizedeq Priesthood (1Ptr.2:9, Rev.5:10). No longer under Levitical injunctions, standards or laws (Heb.7:12)
Rest assured that the Melkizedeq portion of Torah (Gen.1:1 thru Ex.24:8-11) contain Torah Melkizedeq Covenant and Law – Sabbath, Appt’d Times, Clean meats, Passover, etc. When he ‘broke down’ the wall of partition He was doing so that all First-Fruit believers could once again be ‘Melkizedeq Priests’ in the “household of Yah” (Eph.2:19)