Some people try to use the Torah instruction of Yom Kippur to try and prove a position that evening does not start the Hebrew/Genesis day – using the obscure to redefine the normative instruction – using the one case to obliterate all else – basically using the Torah against Torah. Case in point;
Gen 1:5 And Elohim called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the **evening and the morning** were the first day. (v:8, 13, 19, 23, 31 – Defines a 24hr. Day)
Lev 23:32 It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.
The phrase of interest is ‘in the ninth day’ – First off – right off the top the English word ‘day’ is italicized; meaning it is a suppled word – as in *not-there*.
So now we have the phrase ‘ninth of the month’. Of supreme interest is the Hebrew word translated ‘ninth’ – ‘tesha’. Logically (in a night before Genesis day) the 9th ending ‘even’ (through the idea of a turn to the next or full number ten) starts the 10th day at ‘even’; hence the phrase ‘between the evenings’ <Beyn HaArbayim>. This is a great Torah example of the dynamic of this phrase <Beyn HaArbayim> – see the article ‘Beyn HaArbayim’ at Torah Without Rabbinics on FaceBook and WordPress.com.
The definition of the Hebrew word translated ninth – ‘tesha’ is as follows;
The second form is the masculine of the first; perhaps from H8159 through the idea of a turn to the next or full number ten; nine or (ordinal) ninth: – nine (+ -teen, + -teenth, -th).
A primitive root; to gaze at or about (properly for help); by implication to inspect, consider, compassionate, be nonplussed (as looking around in amazement) or bewildered: – depart, be dim, be dismayed, look (away), regard, have respect, spare, turn.
‘Beyn HaArbayim’ therefore can not possibly mean ‘between the evenings’ in the sense of couching/cordoning off the daylight portion of the Day (aprox. 12hrs.) -or- any part thereof (referring to the 3pm nonsense of the Rabbis). There is no other explanation that makes sense and is consistent with evening being the next day and <Beyn HaArbayim> being between the evenings.
The Sun is a planet – it is plain to see the shape of that orb – that orb generates light. The demarcation of ‘sunset’ and evening is that the orb of the Sun sets below the horizon but its generated (defused) light is still visible for aprox. some 40 mins. The between the evenings of Ex.12:6 starting at 3pm is an absurd impossibility – Those ‘po-dunk’ slaves did not have the Levitical/Rabbinic occasion to use such reasoning – but they would have known prior what that phrase meant. They would have already known from childhood what <Beyn HaArbayim> meant centuries before Levite Priests, Pharisees and Rabbis.
It is for this reason that I am of the opinion that ‘between the evenings’ would have to mean the difference in time lapse between the setting of the orb of the Sun and the dark of night. It has been explained another way being – the difference between the sun light still left after the setting of the sun as it comes to night defined as being two stars in the sky – in other words between sunset and dark. With that portion difference being known as twilight (the mingling of dark and light). It is of interest that early morning twilight is also the same mingling of dark and light. Only seems right that there would be a ‘between the mornings’ – even if you wanted to validate 3pm in the afternoon.
It is self apparent that ‘Beyn HaArbayim’ or ‘between the evenings’ would be defining when one day ended and when the next day begins; defining the transition portion thereof – That specific 40 or 50 min. portion germane to that transition. Not some imagination of 3pm in the afternoon?
Consider this statement;
“5. The phrase ‘between the two evenings’ in Ex. 12:6 (also Ex. 16:12; Lv. 23:5; Nu. 9:3, 5 11) has been accorded two variant interpretations, according to variant community practice-either between 3 p.m. and sunset, as the Pharisees maintained and practiced (cf. Pesahim 61a; Josephus, BJ 6.423); or, as the Samaritans and others argued, between sunset and dark. The earlier time, as Edersheim points out, allows more leeway for the slaughtering of the innumerable lambs, and is probably to be preferred.” (New Bible Dictionary, Marshall, Millard, Packer, Wiseman, Third Edition, page 872)”
Tends to validate the King Hezekiah assertion – See; ‘Beyn HaArbayim’ article