The 9th Hour


The 9th Hour

Alot of brew-ha fanfare has been made and much significance place on what day and when (the time) Yahshua died by crucifixion. As thankful as we are for that timing even being mentioned in the Bible; there is a point most have missed. Being that the timing used in these New Testament/Covenant accounts – do not occur in the Torah or the balance of the TaNaK.

The first occurrence in the entire Bible of – Third hour, Sixth hour and Ninth hour; occur in Matthew;

Mt 20:3 And he went out about the **third hour, and saw others
Mt 27:45 Now from the **sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the **ninth hour.

This is yet more proof of the pollutions brought back from Babylon by the returning House of Judah ie ‘The Jews’ (actually – the Tribe of Judah, the Tribe of Benjamin and a partial tribe of the Levites)

These ‘pollutions’ include but are not limited to – Names for months (of pagan origin), Names for days (of pagan origin), Change of writing script (Paleo-Hebrew to Babylonian/Jewish Script erroneously called -Hebrew), The loss or at least the change of the Levitical Priesthood to (or to include) Pharisees (& Sadducees) that became Rabbis with a Bet Din; all unscriptural as in Not in Torah – Not in the TaNaK, Mixing Passover Abib 14 for the first day of Unleavened Bread Abib 15, etc.

These terms (Third hour, Sixth hour and Ninth hour) are not instructed by Yahweh. These terms (Third hour, Sixth hour and Ninth hour) are unknown in Torah. These terms (Third hour, Sixth hour and Ninth hour) are unknown in the TaNaK. Where did they come from? The most likely source is this same Babylonian captivity.

Much significance has been placed on when Yahshua died – the 9th hour – 3pm. But of what day? Yahshua said it was Passover (Mt.26:17, Lk.22:7-8) – The Torah 14th of Abib.  Much significance has been placed on Yahshua having to die at the precise time the lambs were to be slaughtered. The point to understand here is it was the precise time the Pharisees (later Rabbis) said the lambs were to be slaughtered. This was not according to Torah.

I will try to explain the event of Ex.12 another way – The Death Angel Passed-Over Egypt on mid-Night the 14th of Abib (Ex.12:29). The Israelites were instructed to strike the doorposts with the lambs blood to show which houses the Death Angel was to Pass-Over. They got the lambs blood from the lamb they had just slaughtered on the beginning evening (night before day – Gen.) of the same 14th and were now roasting. They were told to stay in their houses till morning (Ex.12:22) – Now;

Dt.16:1 says that Yah “brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.” this would have to be the next beginning night of Abib 15  (night before day – Gen.)  – so now the problem becomes – How can you stay in your house till morning and leave at night?  No matter how much anyone would like to – You can’t have it both ways.

Now back to the events of Yahshua ‘s crucifixion – It is true Yahshua had to fulfill the events of Passover of Ex.12 at the precise time – not the erroneous time of the Pharisees. The Ex.12 Passover lamb had to be killed at the beginning night of the 14th with the rest of the 24hr day yet to be played out. Yahshua commanded the disciples to do just that (Lk.22:7-8) and confirmed the New Covenant at this same meal (Lk.22: 18-20)

Yahshua did say at Lk 22:19-20 This bread is my body, This wine is my blood – Think about it – The Ex.12 lamb – its body & blood was a substitute looking forward to Yahshua – Yahshua during the Passover meal was initiating a new observance in accordance to the New Covenant He had just declared (Lk 22:20 from Jer.31:31) and ratified with the same bread & wine which happens to constitute a Covenant Confirming Meal (see – Passover Wedding Reception). That same bread & wine representing His Body & His Blood that was physically shed by crucifixion that same Passover Abib 14 afternoon.

So – All was fully filled during the Passover meal of Yahshua – At the Torah time including the question of His Body & His Blood

The fact of the 9th hour -or- 3pm actually epitomizes and encapsulates Yahshua’s contempt and mocking the religious Jews that were so self convinced of the (wink wink) proper order & time. They were not doing any thing properly – they called court at night, they trumped up charges, they incited the people, they gave over to the Roman court, etc.  AND they were killing lambs at the wrong time – on the tail end of the 14th instead of the beginning – preparing for a Passover meal on the 15th instead of the 14th according to Torah.

Lev 23:5  In the fourteenth day of the first month at even (the beginning) is the YHWH’s passover.
Lev 23:6  And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto YHWH: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. (till the 21st – Ex.12:18)

Notice the contrast between v:5 ‘day’ – Passover is 1 day – vs – v:6 ‘days’ – while UlvBrd is 7 days; starting with the 15th which is an Annual Sabbath – while Passover is not – its an Annual ‘Memorial’ (Ex.12:14 ).

Note – Passover was also to be eaten with UlvBrd but no other UlvBrd meal (7 Days) required the Passover Lamb with bitter herbs except Passover.

Yah’s Esteem


Beyn Ha’Arbayim


Beyn Ha’Arbayim

Beyn Ha’Arbayim is found in Ex12:6, Ex 29:41, Ex 30:8, Lev 23:5, Num 9:3, Num 9:5, Num9:11, Num 28:8 and many other places Torah, non- Torah and even (as ‘evening’) in the New Testament/Covenant.

In every case the translators render the following;

Hebrew – in the evening <`ereb>. {in…: Heb. between the two evenings}

There those that think the bannered phrase does not occur in the Bible. I used to be 1 of them.

These are the definitions given the erroneous rendering ‘evening’ singular – Which would be true if it were not plural

‘in’  or between –

0996. Nyb beyn, bane
(sometimes in the plural masculine or feminine); properly, the constructive form of an otherwise unused noun from 995; a distinction; but used only as a prep, between (repeated before each noun, often with other particles); also as a conjunction, either…or:–among, asunder, at, between (-twixt…and), + from (the widest), X in, out of, whether (it be…or), within.

0995. Nyb biyn, bene
a primitive root; to separate mentally (or distinguish), i.e.(generally) understand:–attend, consider, be cunning, diligently, direct, discern, eloquent, feel, inform, instruct, have intelligence, know, look well to, mark, perceive, be prudent, regard, (can) skill(-full), teach, think, (cause, make to, get, give, have) understand(-ing), view, (deal) wise(-ly, man).

the evening – <`ereb>

06153. bre `ereb, eh’-reb
from 6150; dusk:–+ day, even(-ing, tide), night.
See Hebrew 06150 (`arab)

06150. bre `arab, aw-rab’
a primitive root (identical with 6148 through the idea of covering with a texture); to grow dusky at sundown:–be darkened, (toward) evening.
See Hebrew 06148 (`arab)

06148. bre `arab, aw-rab’
a primitive root; to braid, i.e. intermix; technically, to traffic (as if by barter); also or give to be security (as a kind of exchange):–engage, (inter-)meddle (with), mingle (self), mortgage, occupy, give pledges, be(-come, put in) surety, undertake.

The issue to understand in dealing with these Hebrew (and Greek) definitions is that anything before the :– emblem is the definition – any thing after the :– emblem is what the translators have taken that word to mean – which may or may not be in keeping with the actual definition.

Despite the fact of the parenthetical display which can mean translator ambivalence – the fact of the matter is laid bare in the actual Hebrew wording. Hebrew words that are plural carry the suffix ‘im’ similar to an ‘s’ on the end of an English word indicating plurality – Cars, Boats, Cats, Dogs, etc.

As is plain to see <`ereb> translated ‘evening’ erroneously does not have the ‘im’ indicating ‘evening’ is meant to be singular. The same applies to the other words given as origin , do not have the ‘im’ indicating singularity. The same applies to translated as ‘in’ it does not have the ‘im’ indicating it is meant to be singular.

However – the definition of as opposed to does indicate that it can be plural but that would be defined by context – and the context of the alleged plural is clearly there. And it is supported by ‘s (not plural) origin word meaning to distinguish or understand “sometimes in the plural masculine or feminine”.

The Greek

at even

3796. oqe opse, op-seh’
from the same as 3694 (through the idea of backwardness); (adverbially) late in the day; by extension, after the close of the day:–(at) even, in the end.
See Greek 3694 (opiso)

3694. opisw opiso, op-is’-o
from the same as 3693 with enclitic of direction; to the back, i.e. aback (as adverb or preposition of time or place; or as noun):–after, back(-ward), (+ get) behind, + follow.
See Greek 3693 (opisthen)

Now having said all this I did look at Ex.12:6 in an e-Sword HOT (Hebrew Old Testament) application and it does indicate what looks like a form consistent with – I do know enough Hebrew (wink wink – actually Jewish captivity Babylonian script) that I was able (reading right to left) to distinguish the ‘mem’ sophi (the closed ‘m’ at the end of a word). Then the problem becomes if it is even valid in Paleo-Hebrew (the Hebrew Moses knew and wrote in), assuming so then the following would apply.

Now to pose a quandary most do not even fathom –

Ex 12:18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.

Also see Lev 23:5-8; Num 28:16-25

Obviously this period has to include the day of the 14th & the day of the 21st (an annual Shabbat) and as I will assert to point out; ” You can only have a Sabbath on the day of the 21st if its evening only begins the day” But what of the 2 evenings?

Abib 14th Passover – Lev 23:5 – UnlBrd with Lamb
Abib 15th – 21st Days of UnlBrd – Lev 23:6-8 – Abib 15th & 21st are Annual Sabbaths – UnlBrd all 7days without Lamb

This is evidence in support of the following;

Now for the explanation that makes the most sense and is consistent with the evidence of between the evens/evenings. The Sun is a planet – it is plain to see the shape of that orb – that orb generates light. The demarcation of ‘sunset’ (1st evening the bottom of the orb set on the horizon) and ‘sundown’ (2nd evening – the top of the orb down below – no longer visible against the horizon) is that the orb of the Sun is down below the horizon but its generated (defused) light is still visible for aprox. some 40 mins. Each day would then have both a ‘sunset’ and a ‘sundown’ ; one that ends as the other one starts – similar to a coupled successive train.

In other words the setting of the Sun is that waning mixture of decreasing mostly light with darkness – conversely Sundown is that waxing mixture of increasing darkness with the now receding light part of day. Even of evening means the ‘evening’ of light and dark now in the transition process of Day to Night that involves being/becoming ‘even’.

The between the evenings of Ex.12:6 starting at 3pm is an absurd impossibility – Those ‘po-dunk’ Egyptian slaves did not have the Levitical/Pharisaic/Rabbinic or the occasion to use such obtuse amplified reasoning – but they would have known prior what that phrase meant. They would have already known from childhood what ‘between the evenings’ meant centuries before Levite Priests, Pharisees and Rabbis.

It is for this reason that I am of the opinion that ‘between the evens/evenings’ would have to mean the difference in time lapse between the set orb of the Sun and the down orb of the Sun (the next day) going to the dark of night. With that portion being known as twilight (the mingling of dark and light). It is of interest that early morning twilight is also the same mingling of dark and light – But this ‘morning twilight’ does not have a prayer to be construed as or confused with Beyn Ha’Arbayim {Heb. between the two evenings}.

Note there are 2 evens for each day -1 ending – 1 beginning; as Beyn Ha’Arbayim would suggest

I cannot at this time completely validate this – Please feel free to contact me if you know of or can confirm such proof – It has however come to my attention that King David (1Chr.23:6, 30-31; 24:1), King Hezekiah (2Chr.31:2-3) then King Darius (Ezra 5:14) [of Babylon] & King Cyrius (Ezra 6;12-18) [of Babylon] all set courses (/shifts) dividing the Levite sacrificing service into courses (shifts) to accommodate all the sacrificing that needed to be done allegedly it started at 3pm -but- none of these accounts specify the 9th hour or 3pm. However Babylon is the likely source of where the illegitimate Pharisees (and Rabbis) got the practice legitimizing the re-definition of the phrase evolution of Beyn Ha’Arbayim ‘between the evenings’ to start at the 9th hour or 3pm.

Yahs Esteem

The 9th


The 9th

Some people try to use the Torah instruction of Yom Kippur to try and prove a position that evening does not start the Hebrew/Genesis day – using the obscure to redefine the normative instruction – using the one case to obliterate all else – basically using the Torah against Torah. Case in point;

Gen 1:5 And Elohim called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the **evening and the morning** were the first day. (v:8, 13, 19, 23, 31 – Defines a 24hr. Day)

Compared to;

Lev 23:32 It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.

The phrase of interest is ‘in the ninth day’ – First off – right off the top the English word ‘day’ is italicized; meaning it is a suppled word – as in *not-there*.

So now we have the phrase ‘ninth of the month’. Of supreme interest is the Hebrew word translated ‘ninth’ – ‘tesha’. Logically (in a night before Genesis day) the 9th ending ‘even’ (through the idea of a turn to the next or full number ten) starts the 10th day at ‘even’; hence the phrase ‘between the evenings’ <Beyn HaArbayim>. This is a great Torah example of the dynamic of this phrase <Beyn HaArbayim> – see the article ‘Beyn HaArbayim’ at Torah Without Rabbinics on FaceBook and

The definition of the Hebrew word translated ninth – ‘tesha’ is as follows;

תּשׁעה תּשׁע
te^sha‛ tish‛a^h
tay’-shah, tish-aw’
The second form is the masculine of the first; perhaps from H8159 through the idea of a turn to the next or full number ten; nine or (ordinal) ninth: – nine (+ -teen, + -teenth, -th).

A primitive root; to gaze at or about (properly for help); by implication to inspect, consider, compassionate, be nonplussed (as looking around in amazement) or bewildered: – depart, be dim, be dismayed, look (away), regard, have respect, spare, turn.

‘Beyn HaArbayim’ therefore can not possibly mean ‘between the evenings’ in the sense of couching/cordoning off the daylight portion of the Day (aprox. 12hrs.) -or- any part thereof (referring to the 3pm nonsense of the Rabbis). There is no other explanation that makes sense and is consistent with evening being the next day and <Beyn HaArbayim> being between the evenings.

The Sun is a planet – it is plain to see the shape of that orb – that orb generates light. The demarcation of ‘sunset’ and evening is that the orb of the Sun sets below the horizon but its generated (defused) light is still visible for aprox. some 40 mins. The between the evenings of Ex.12:6 starting at 3pm is an absurd impossibility – Those ‘po-dunk’ slaves did not have the Levitical/Rabbinic occasion to use such reasoning – but they would have known prior what that phrase meant. They would have already known from childhood what <Beyn HaArbayim> meant centuries before Levite Priests, Pharisees and Rabbis.

It is for this reason that I am of the opinion that ‘between the evenings’ would have to mean the difference in time lapse between the setting of the orb of the Sun and the dark of night. It has been explained another way being – the difference between the sun light still left after the setting of the sun as it comes to night defined as being two stars in the sky – in other words between sunset and dark. With that portion difference being known as twilight (the mingling of dark and light). It is of interest that early morning twilight is also the same mingling of dark and light. Only seems right that there would be a ‘between the mornings’ – even if you wanted to validate 3pm in the afternoon.

It is self apparent that ‘Beyn HaArbayim’ or ‘between the evenings’ would be defining when one day ended and when the next day begins; defining the transition portion thereof – That specific 40 or 50 min. portion germane to that transition. Not some imagination of 3pm in the afternoon?

Consider this statement;

“5. The phrase ‘between the two evenings’ in Ex. 12:6 (also Ex. 16:12; Lv. 23:5; Nu. 9:3, 5 11) has been accorded two variant interpretations, according to variant community practice-either between 3 p.m. and sunset, as the Pharisees maintained and practiced (cf. Pesahim 61a; Josephus, BJ 6.423); or, as the Samaritans and others argued, between sunset and dark. The earlier time, as Edersheim points out, allows more leeway for the slaughtering of the innumerable lambs, and is probably to be preferred.” (New Bible Dictionary, Marshall, Millard, Packer, Wiseman, Third Edition, page 872)”

Tends to validate the King Hezekiah assertion – See; ‘Beyn HaArbayim’ article

Yah’s Esteem


Torah Passover


Torah Passover

It is a wonderment to me why some (quite a number) will not understand Passover in the context of Torah. Even tho they insist that all had to be fulfilled exactly to the instruction – Torah.

This is Torah;

Lev 23:5  In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is YHWH’s passover.
Lev 23:6  And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto YHWH: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.

Notice the contrast between :5 ‘day’ vs :6 ‘days’ – Passover is 1 day while UlvBrd is 7 days.

Exo 12:3  Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:
Exo 12:4  And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.
Exo 12:5  Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:
Exo 12:6  And ye shall keep it up **until** the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.

Evening starts the Hebrew/Genesis day

Gen 1:5  And Elohim called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day. (:8, 13, 19, 23, 31) – (evening starts the Hebrew/Genesis day)

The English word **until** in Ex.12: 6  is the Hebrew <ad> – both meanings do include the definition consistent with – ‘up to but not including’.

Therefore the lamb selected on the 10th was to be kept live **until** the 14th – in other words the lamb selected on the 10th was to be kept live *till* the 13th but killed immediately on that 14th evening starting that Hebrew/Genesis day.

The following is a brief synopsis of the New Testament/Covenant Passover crucifixion event.

The 10th of Abib – Known as the ‘Triumphal Entry’ – The Lamb Selection – Yahshua

The 13th of Abib – (the 3rd Day – Tuesday afternoon)

Luk 22:8  And he (Yahshua) sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the passover, that we may eat.
Luk 22:9  And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare?  … Luk 22:10-13 – Sunset on 13th ie the next day

The 14th of Abib – (the 4th Day – aprox. Wednesday )

Luk 22:14  And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.
Luk 22:15  And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer:

He ate at the evening beginning of the Passover Abib 14 day

The events of this 14th of Abib are as follows (are an approximation)

Evening/nite starts the 14th
– there still is the rest of the 24 hr day to go
Evening – Assemble for Passover – still the 14th
Late Evening – Eats the Passover – still the 14th
Night – Gives the Bread & Wine  – still the 14th
Late nite – Mt of Olives/ Garden of Gethsemane – still the 14th
Mid nite – Taken by the Crowd – Judas Kiss – still the 14th
Wee Hours – Yahshua in custody – still the 14th
Peter denies Yahshua – still the 14th
Morning – interrogated by Pontious Pilate – still the 14th
Late Morning – beaten & scourged – still the 14th
Noon – makes way to Cross/Stake – still the 14th
Afternoon – Crucified – still the 14th
He died that mid afternoon – still the 14th
Had to be taken off the cross as evening approached
*****************You got it – still the 14th**************************
Put into the Tomb  – still the 14th

Because of the Sabbath – The 1st day Feast of UlvBrd – at evening – the 15th of Abib

Le 23:7 In the first day (of UnlBrd :6) ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. (a Sabbath)
8 But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto YHWH seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. (a Sabbath)

So – Was it Passover? – Yahshua said it was – Was He confused on the concept?

He said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer:

Proves Yahshua had Passover meal before His crucifixion
*******(Feel free to disregard at your own peril)

**passover** – Abib 14 Night then Day – the same afternoon Abib 14 Day of Yahshua’s crucifixion

Luk 23:54 And that day (still Abib 14 ) was the preparation, and the sabbath (now Abib 15 ) drew on.

Joh 19:31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation (still Abib 14 ), that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day (now Abib 15 ), (for that sabbath day was an high day, – Abib 15 – 1st day of UnlBrd like Lev.23:6 directly says)

Now – slice that another way

Yahshua clearly eats Passover on Abib 14 according to the command just like Lev.23:5 directly says – (this is a Memorial [Ex.12:14] not a Sabbath)

And has to be off the cross before the coming Sabbath – a high day (Abib 15 – 1st day of UnlBrd {an Annual Sabbath} like Lev.23:6 directly says)

This is the mind of Torah! … This is as-per Torah!

By the witness of Torah, the NT & Yahshua; saying/doing/eating Passover on Abib 15 is incorrect therefore WRONG! – it is following the notions of religious spirit Jews – lying Pharisees and Levitical Minded Imaginations of the Rabbis (Mt.23:2-3)

To those who insist that he had to die at the time of the lambs – You have a problem – The Pharisees were not following Torah (and still do not thru the Rabbis and even Rabbinic minded Messianic) – they imagine the Passover meal on the 15th of Abib killing lambs on the end of the 14th instead of the beginning (evening) as Torah instructs.

Yahshua did say at Lk 22:19-20 This bread is my body, This wine is my blood – Think about it – The Ex.12 lamb – its body & blood was a substitute looking forward to Yahshua – Yahshua during the Passover meal was initiating a new substitute in accordance to the New Covenant He had just declared (Lk 22:20 from Jer.31:31) and ratified with the same bread & wine which happens to constitute a Covenant Confirming Meal (see – Passover Wedding Reception). That same bread & wine representing His Body & His Blood that were shed by crucifixion that same Passover Abib 14 afternoon.

So – All was fully filled during the Passover meal of Yahshua – At the Torah time including the question of His Body & His Blood

Yah’s Esteem

Day of Firstfruits



Yom haBikkurim (the Day of Firstfruits)

I do think and the Torah and Gospel supports that we as Torah-Gospel keepers should also be keeping and observing Yom haBikkurim (the Day of Firstfruits).

Lev 23:9  And YHWH spake unto Moses, saying,
Lev 23:10  Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:
Lev 23:11  And he shall wave the sheaf before YHWH, to be accepted for you: on the morrow **(not the 16th – not in scripture) after the sabbath **(the 7th day Shabbat) the priest shall wave it.
Lev 23:12  And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto YHWH.
Lev 23:13  And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto YHWH for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin.
Lev 23:14  And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your Elohim:
***it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations***
in all your dwellings.
Lev 23:15  And ye shall count unto you from the morrow **(not the 16th – not in scripture) after the sabbath **(the 7th day Shabbat) , from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths (not 7 weds. or thurs. etc.) shall be complete:
Lev 23:16  Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath **(the 1st day of the week – not wed. or thurs. etc.) shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto YHWH.

Luk 24:44  And he (Yahshua) said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that **all**  things **must** be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me.

Joh 20:15  Yahshua saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou? She, supposing him to be the **gardener**, saith unto him, Sir, if thou have borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away.

She, supposing him to be the **gardener** ??? –

This is strong indication that Yahshua was carrying a ‘wave sheaf’ to preform the ‘waving of the sheaf’ unto YHWH in accordance to Lev.23:11 – Showing on going Appointed Times Observance.

This you will note is after His crucifixion.

The same crucifixion that many in the Christian Church uses to say that the Sabbath and the Feasts were ‘done away’ with.

YET it does remain that many Messianic, Torah Observant, Hebrew Roots, Nazarene Israel, etc. gloss right over and ignore Yom haBikkurim (the Day of Firstfruits)

Yah’s Esteem

Passover Wedding Reception


Passover Wedding Reception

We general do not think in these terms for we are not taught these terms nor about these terms; but there is what I call ‘dedicated phrasing’ for certain topics peppered all through the Old and New Testament. The covenant ‘dedicated phrasing’ has specifically to do with covenant imagery; that confirms and/or evidences Covenant – case in point ‘voice’;

Ex 19:5 Now therefore, if ye will obey **my voice** indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine :6 And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These (words) thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.

Your personal Bible based Marriage to your spouse this day from Genesis is Melkizedeq/Melchizedek. AND it just so happens that your Melchizedek Marriage includes a Covenant Confirming Meal; that most only know of – only would recognize as the ‘wedding reception’. The exact picture of the Book of the Covenant (Ex.19:5-24:8) Sinai Marriage ‘Katubah’ (Jer.31:32) and it’s ‘wedding reception’ Covenant Confirming Meal (Ex.24:9-11). Also the exact picture of Rev.19:7 and Rev.19:9 – The Marriage of the Lamb (the Covenant) and the Marriage Supper of the Lamb (i.e. the Covenant Confirming Meal).

Ex 24:9 Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel :10 And they saw the Elohim of Israel: and there was under His feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness. :11 And upon the nobles of the children of Israel He
laid not his hand: also they saw Elohim, and did **eat and drink**.

A Covenant Confirming Meal is attached to all ‘Covenants of Promise’ – Your own marriage had a reception- Right? This ‘reception’ “meal” i.e. ‘Covenant Meal’ (even if only punch and cupcakes) is the first time that the Bride’s family and the Groom’s family, who just witnessed the Marriage Covenant Vows between their Son and Daughter will set together in a ‘common-meal’ in ‘common–union’ (AKA ‘communion’) confirming that same Marriage Covenant.

This is identical to the events of Ex.24:9-11. That means that your Bible based marriage is a Melchizedek Covenant within the Melchizedek Covenants complete with 1] proposal, 2] agreement, 3] blood ratification, 4] a Covenant Confirming Meal and 5] A direct attachment linked to Abraham’s Promise Covenant of Gen.15. During the wedding the officiating Rabbi or Parson usually recites Genesis Creation accounts – these too are under the eternal Melchizedek Priesthood. This Genesis-Melchizedek awareness should be included in all Biblical Marriage proceedings.

Jer 31:31 Behold, the days come, saith YHWH, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

For the New/reNewed Covenant (Jer.31:31-33/Heb.8:8-10) – the confirming meal is Passover with new instruction from Yahshua; ‘this do in remembrance of me’ (Mat.26:26, Mk.14:22-24, Lk.22:20, 1Cor.11:24-25); Please note the ‘as they were eating’ meal in progress verbiage and the Rev.19:7 Marriage of the ‘Lamb’ to His Bride Israel – the meal is the much hailed Marriage Supper of the Lamb (Rev.19:9).

Note ‘the ‘Lamb of Yah’ was substituting a substitute – the Ex.12 physical lamb – body and blood pointing to Yahshua; for the Bread & Wine representing His body and blood which was to be shed that Passover Day crucifixion taking His actual body and blood.

Mat 26:26 *And as they were eating*, Yahshua took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. :27 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; :28 For this is my blood of the new covenant (Jer.31:31), which is shed for many for the remission of sins.

*And as they were eating* – Passover – Abib 14 (Mat.26:18-19, Lk.22:7-20)

Rev 19:7 Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready.

. :9 And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage *supper* of the Lamb… (Rev.3:20 *sup*)

Rev 3:20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear **my voice**, and open the door, I will come to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.
……….(‘my voice’ Ex.19:5-6 / ‘sup’ Ex.24:9-11- BotC)

Notice – ‘my voice’ is directly covenant (Ex.19:5-6); confirmed by the direct mention of a ‘Covenant Confirming Meal’ in the word ‘sup’ (Ex.24:9-11).

1Timothy.5:8 “But if any provide not for his own, and especially for those of his own house, he has denied the faith (fidelity), and is worse than an infidel”.

Make no mistake “infidel” has to do with ‘infidelity’; ‘infidelity’ is the breaking of sacred trust garnered and agreed to by Covenant. Fidelity has to do directly with Keeping Covenant – including marriage; including Biblical Covenant! After all Biblical marriage is a Biblical Covenant within YHWH’s Biblical Covenant of Salvation.

Excerpts adapted from My books 1] The Covenants of Promise & 2] Back to the Melchizedek Future

Yah’s Esteem – David L. Perry Th.D.

Yahshua’s Passover Crucifixion


Yahshua’s Passover Crucifixion

The Promise Covenant of Gen.15 invariably among Jews, Messianics and even Christians is thought to be; therefore is taught as, the unconditional covenant thus everlasting. This flatly is not so; despite the fact it has been reinforced continually without much variance for literally centuries to the point of being the uncontested axiom of foundational truth. This has lead to many inaccuracies and misconceptions concerning physical circumcision, salvation mode (other than Yahshua being the ‘only way’ Jn.14:6), understanding of ‘the’ law, understanding of covenant class, word definition plays such as rendering ‘new’ of the New Covenant as meaning re-New-ed; to actually mean (wink wink) ‘exactly the same’ and even misconceptions concerning the crucifixion of Yahshua to name but a few. (You may want to go back and review ‘The Rightly Dividing Point’)

Hands-down; The intent of all biblical covenants is to attest to and insure an enduring agreement; thus an everlasting intent. Since we are dealing with the Promise Covenant of Gen.15; we must deal with the event and the evidence of Gen.15. Yahweh’s intent for the Gen.15 covenant was to be for all time and beyond – so much so that the real guarantee for Gen.15 (and all covenants of promise) is Yahweh’s ‘oath’ (Gen.12:1-3). Gen.12 is the ‘wrap around’ covenant if you will. Explained; my use of ‘wrap around’ comes from a little known real-estate maneuver that takes a new money loan (usually of a higher interest rate) and ‘wraps it around’ the pre-existing (more desirable) lower interest loan.

Heb 6:13 For when Yah made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he sware by himself, :14 Saying, Surely blessing I will bless thee, and multiplying I will multiply thee. (Specifically Gen 12:1-3; being virtually restated at Gen 15:1; 4-5)

Concerning the Blood Covenant at Gen.15; we must realize that we have to understand Covenants in the way the ancients understood Covenants. A covenant is a formal agreement – in the case of Gen.12 an ‘oath’ is a formal agreement YHWH made to Himself. Therefore; Gen.12 is the true (pre-existing) ‘unconditional covenant’. Paul identifies the same at Heb.6:13 – Yahweh swears to Himself by Himself for there was “no greater” – AND – (what most miss) there was no ‘death position’ i.e. no ‘death penalty’ (going between slaughtered halved animals) at Gen.12. We also have to understand that the only covenant that can not be broken is one that ‘we’ (as fallible human beings) are not party to (Heb.8:8 ‘for finding fault with them …’).
{Internet Search – Blood Covenant Death Position/Penalty on-line for thousands of entries.}

This is the pivot point of this ‘error drama’. We must understand that a covenant is a formalized agreement. Therefore the ‘oath’ of Gen.12 is an autonomous (self) agreement Yahweh made to Himself. In other words, the Gen.12 ‘oath’ is a covenant. Yahweh oathed (agreed / covenanted) to Himself ‘to’ bless Abraham AND his descendants; BEFORE Yahweh ever entered into covenant ‘with’ Abraham AND his descendants at Gen.15. Those that teach on Gen.15 usually teach the error that Abraham had nothing to do with the covenant because he was put to sleep – !Presto!; unconditional covenant – WRONG!

Gen 15:6 And he believed on YHWH; and He counted it to him for righteousness.

Gen 15:8 And he said, Adonai Yahovee whereby shall I know that I shall inherit it?

This is almost humorous. First of all at Gen.15:6 the uncircumcised Abram believed ‘God’ and it was counted to him as righteousness – right? (Rom.4:3, Gal.3:6, Jms.2:23). But at Gen.15:8 it’s as if this same Abram said ‘I believe but could you sign on the dotted line’? So – what Yahweh is actually doing is insuring His promises (His Gen.12 ‘oath’ already made) to Abram by the Gen.15 covenant at the yet uncircumcised Abram’s request (this is HIGHLY significant). Secondly at Gen.15:9-10 Abram cut the animals in half – How could anyone possibly do that with out being covered in blood; the same blood that ratifies this so-called unconditional covenant? The birds are left whole – there is a huge reason for that to be explained later. Then at Gen.15:11 Abraham is tending this same pending covenant procedure scene. Sounds pretty involved in a dedicated way to me! Then at Gen.15:12 the same uncircumcised Abram was put to ‘sleep’.

Gen 15:10 And he took unto him all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid each piece one against another: *’but the birds divided he not’*. :11 And when the fowls came down upon the carcases, Abram drove them away. :12 And when the sun was going down, a deep ‘sleep’ <tardemah> H8639 fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him.

Paramount to superficial reasoning; the whole ‘unconditional covenant’ argument hinges on ‘sleep’ (‘deep sleep’ in some Bibles) from the Hebrew <tardemah> only meaning ‘sleep’ as in incoherently incapacitated i.e. unconscious – ergo; not cognitively there or in other words ‘dead to the world’. The Hebrew <tardemah> can mean lethargy or to put into a trance like state. In this case <tardemah> cannot mean ‘sleep’ as we know it, for Gen.15:13 shows Yahweh speaking to Abram. We know that ‘Yah’ is not the ‘author of confusion’ (1Cor.14:33); there is no point to speak and demonstrate where there is no visual or audible conscious perception (Jn.8:56).

John 8:56 Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad.

Much more substantial than the ‘sleep’ issue is the awareness of Gen.15:17. We usually hear that ‘God walked through the pieces’; implying, intimating or leaving everyone to assume that He did so alone. But what do the ‘smoking furnace *’and’* the lighted lamp’ represent? We have all heard that ‘our “God” is a consuming fire’ and we all know that Yahshua is the ‘light of the world’. There has to be at least two parties to make this type of covenant. The covenant at Gen.15 is a two party agreement evidenced by the word ‘and’ at Gen.15:17 (‘with’; in some Bibles). Yahweh the Father (the smoking furnace) is the party of the first part. The pre-incarnate Yahshua (Jn.8:56) ‘lighted lamp’ is standing in for (in the place of / substitute for / representative of) Abram (still un-circumcised; name not yet changed to Abr’ah’am) AND his descendants collectively (v:18) as the party of the second part.

Gen 15:17 And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, *and* (classically from <‘eth> H853) a burning lamp that passed between those pieces.

This ‘passing between the (halved) pieces’ was signifying two main pledges 1] agreement to keep the covenant being made, 2] acceptance of death should this covenant ever be broken. The paramount question is; if the covenant at Gen.15 is in fact an unconditional covenant (as is widely taught and unquestioningly accepted) – Why is it attached to a condition? For nothing? Why is it attached to the most serve penalty possible – death? We must realize that Father (God) Yahweh needed that Covenant Condition; it was part of His plan from the start.

Nothing takes Yahweh by surprise. That means that Father YHWH knew with Yahshua before creation, that Yahshua was from creation meant to be Abraham’s proxy (stand in / substitute) taking on Himself the ‘death penalty’ for Abraham AND his descendants ‘if’ they (the said same) ever broke this Gen.15 covenant. Jer.31:32 is the empirical proof that Yahweh declares they (the descendants) did ‘break’ this covenant. If you fast forward that to the cross, you can see that Yahshua was scourged and beaten beyond recognition basically resembling those halved animals at Gen.15, the exact ‘death penalty’ for breaking the Gen.15 covenant.

Jer 31:32 Not according to the covenant that I made with ‘their fathers’ in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant ‘they brake’, although I was an ‘husband unto them’, saith YHWH: (Note: their, they, them; are all 12 Tribes not just Jews v:31)

So – what does that tell you? What does the crucifixion of Yahshua evidence? There was a lot of ways to die that no bones would be broken (Ps.34:20); drowned, buried alive, heart-attack, lighting, asphyxiation, herbs, poison, etc. What does that tell you about the Gen.15 covenant? The point is; would you die; in that way – by beating and crucifixion; basically resembling those halved animals if the covenant that demanded that kind of death had *’not’* been broken? No? Neither would Yahshua – that was the covenant drama point of Mat.26:39. The Gen.15 point (understanding as the ancients would) is that there would be no reason to put any of the covenant participants to death unless that covenant that demanded that penalty had been in fact broken – as in nullified i.e. null and void! The fact that Yahshua was put to death because He accepted that position is not only iron clad; it was intentional Grace!

Many recoil (including Jews) that God would demand a human sacrifice. There is a big difference in demanding a sacrifice and accepting to be that sacrifice. Yahshua had accepted that covenant position.

Mat 26:39 And he (Yahshua) went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.

It was not possible – there was only the ‘one way’ that all the prophecies could be fulfilled. We must realize that many things intersected at the cross; Yahshua’s one death simultaneously in confluence satisfied several scripturally prophetic issues. Yahshua died the death of the ‘adulterous bride’; He died the death of the ‘rebellious son’; He died the death for the ‘sins of the whole world’ and He died the death for the breaking of the Gen.15 covenant. But most importantly; He died as the spotless lamb of YHWH; His (Yahshua’s) Blood shed (by scourging and crucifixion) did blood ratify the ‘New Covenant’ (Mt.26:24, Mk.14:26, Lk.22:20 – Jer.31:31-33/Heb.8:8-10; 9:12).
**{Awareness – Gen.15:17 as a two party covenant presents a real problem for the ‘oneness’ proponents.}**

So – logically the intelligent question is; how did Abraham’s descendants break the so-called unbreakable-unconditional Gen.15 covenant? Jer.31:32 holds the clue; v:31 says ‘I will make a New Covenant’, v:32 goes on to say ‘not like I made with your fathers’ who I took out of “Egypt” even though my covenant ‘they (as in all) brake’. The only blood-ratified covenant that these ‘fathers’ were physically party to was the ‘Book of the Covenant’ (Ex.19:5-24:8). The ‘Book of the Covenant’ was the “inheritance” ‘answer’ (Gal.3:17-18) to the Gen.15 ‘promise’. They (the ‘fathers’ ) did ‘brake’ the “inheritance” covenant (‘answer’) in less than 40 days (Ex.32). Which may explain why these same ‘fathers’ never again circumcised their children (the much hailed covenant ‘entrance’ sign) for the next 40 years without Yahweh’s mention or wrath (Jos.5:5); raising a whole new set of speculations, questions and issues (Heb.7:11-13). (dealt with in Chapter 6).

Note – The term ‘fathers’ at Jer.31:32 does not mean Abraham, Isaac and Jacob as is classically thought of – For intelligently we know that Abraham, Isaac and Jacob could have never been led “by the hand” out of Egypt. And – there is no biblical evidence that Abraham, Isaac or Jacob ever broke the covenant (also v:32). Also – The term ‘fathers’ at Jer.31:32 speaks of ‘generations’ (Also to be dealt with in Chapter 6).

Gal.3:17 frames the situation in that the ‘Book of the Covenant’ “inheritance” (v:18) ‘answer’ was “430 years” (over 4 centuries) removed from the Gen.15 ‘promise’. You cannot break a 430 year removed ‘answer’ without breaking the ‘promise’ itself as well. In other words; a ‘promise’ expects an ‘answer’; hence – you break the answer – you break the promise. Breaking the Gen.15 ‘promise’ had consequences – a death penalty – that Yahshua (as the Gen.15 ‘lighted lamp’) took in our place (as descendants of Abraham – Rom.4:16). Hence; Yahshua’s crucifixion all by itself is the slam-dunk proof that; 1] the Gen.15 promise covenant was in fact a two party covenant 2] that was broken (as in null and void) 3] requiring the death penalty ‘condition’ attached to the Gen.15 covenant to be carried out i.e. enacted – Hence the ‘Crucifixion’. 4] Therefore the Gen.15 ‘promise’ as Abram’s insurance / guarantee (Gen.15:8) by YHWH (critical awareness) is a ‘conditional’ covenant.

In using the term ‘conditional’ it can be thought of in different ways – usually in a formal agreement a two party covenant usually follows a – you do this and I’ll do that – line of thought. At Gen.15 Abram (or his descendants) is not asked to do, perform or abstain from anything. Remember – Yahweh is primarily entering this covenant as a guarantee to Abram at Abram’s request for a guarantee (Gen.15:8). Yet; to covenant in this way meant there would be exchange of some personal items – the major of these are; exchange of names and exchange of the firstborn. Abram was to sacrifice Isaac (Gen.22); Yahweh did sacrifice Yahshua. This ‘guarantee’ required that there would be a future answer (Gen.15:16) that Abram was not going to live long enough to see. The answer included another covenant – this time with Abram’s (Abraham’s) Descendants; which they broke (Ex.32).

Yahweh did fulfill His promise. The Sinai Book of the Covenant (Ex.19:5-24:8) was that Gen.15 covenant answer made with Abr’ah’am’s Descendants. But these Descendants broke the ‘answer’; now the promise had no answer. This ‘answer’ was ‘guaranteed’ by a covenant that carried a ‘death position’. Even though the Descendants broke the ‘answer’ – Yahshua had accepted that death penalty as the covenant ‘go`el kinsmen redeemer’ (Lev.25:25) for these said same Descendants. That means that by design and Yah’s intent the Gen.15 covenant could be broken – as in could be made invalid; enacting the attached penalty condition of death – intricately needed for YHWH’s plan of blood covering salvation – hence the ‘cup pass’ and ‘no other way’ verbiage of Mat.26:39; 42 and Jn.14:6. In the clearest terms that I am capable of, the Gen.15 promise guarantee covenant had to be broken to enact the ‘go’el kinsmen redeemer’ death penalty (through Yahshua) redeeming all others party to that Gen.15 covenant.

All is not lost; YHWH has a plan – is still working that plan – is still blessing Abraham and his descendants (us) – because of His ‘oath’ at Gen.12 not because of Gen.15. You say HUH? Look again, all the promises of Gen.12 are restated at Gen.15, that means that the promises still stand in their original Gen.12 position. So; what’s the difference? The main difference is that the Gen.15 covenant had the death position; secondly it gave Yahshua the covenant legal right and standing to die in our place – the Gen.12 oath did not. Hence the Gen.15 covenant was employed because it could be broken – for a purpose – Yahweh’s plan of salvation purpose. Yahweh foreknew that it would be broken. Yahweh Himself declared it broken at Jer.31:32. Knowing exactly what it would cost Him (that also is grace). The only covenant we cannot break is the one we are not party to. The only covenant YHWH is obligated to keep is one that has never been broken (Jer.31:32). We cannot break Yahweh’s oath to Himself; neither will Yahweh break Yahweh’s oath to Himself.

Ps.89:34 My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing ‘that is gone out of my lips (Gen.12:1-3)’

We must be willing to see what Psalms 89:34 does not say; this does not say ‘our’, it says ‘my’. Yahweh does not mince or waste words. The Sovereign of All understands the conceptual difference between what is ‘my’, what is ‘their’, what is ‘your’ and what is ‘our’; – go figure. This puts such verses that say ‘your new moons; your feasts (which have been profaned making it ‘your’) my soul hates’ in a very different light. The Gen.12 ‘oath’ is a single party “My Covenant” (Heb.6:13); Gen.15 is a two party ‘our covenant’ evidenced in many ways – some we have already dealt with; the rest will be exampled in the continuing.

When covenants (including ‘blood ratified’) were made it included the exchange of some few items – mostly personal effects; in the case of Gen.15 it included the exchange of name – Abram became Abr’ah’am equal (in a family covenanted sense) to Y’ah’; it included the exchange of scars – circumcision will definitely leave a mark; so will crucifixion – it included the exchange of the First Born; Abraham was to sacrifice Isaac (his only covenant heir and 1st born of Sarah) – Yahweh did sacrifice Yahshua (His only begotten and 1st born) – Interestingly Yahweh calls the nation of Israel (Abraham’s descendants) ‘My First Born’ (Ex.4:22, Jer.31:9). Further; Yahshua – YHWH’s only begotten came to us through the Israelite tribe of Judah thus being Abraham’s progeny (offspring) also (Abraham’s 1st Born {by covenant} in the sense of pre-eminence not sequence).

The conditional ‘our covenant’ scene depicted at Gen.15 is that the halved animals are placed in such a way that the forequarters are placed on one side; aligned with the hindquarters placed on the other, leaving an aisle-way in between. This walkway is extremely significant and has to be understood in the way that the ancients would have understood it. In the way that two men of that time making this type of a blood covenant with each other would have done and understood. Walking down this aisle-way (or as some assert in a figure 8 pattern) signified two things; 1] agreement to keep the covenant being made. 2] on the pain of death if either or both parties ever broke that covenant – in other words this type of blood ratified covenant had a provision; a ‘death position’, a ‘death penalty’, a ‘condition’ for the non-performance (i.e. breaking) of covenant. (Note; There is a difference between being ‘guilty’ and accepting ‘responsibility’)

Yahweh; sovereign of the universe could have chosen any thing, mode or conveyance to guarantee surety to Abraham – therefore Father YHWH is uniquely and solely responsible for this ‘guarantee’ like no other. YHWH orchestrated and chose this situation – this type of covenanting procedure as His covenant vehicle of guaranteed surety to Abraham; to be preserved in recorded history for all time and beyond. Now; ask yourself – Self; why would an unconditional covenant have a contingent condition to insure that this covenant was never broken? If it (the covenant at Gen.15) in fact could never be broken? Yahweh wastes nothing – He had a reason and a plan. Nothing caught Him by surprise. You will not find a contingent condition attached to Gen.12; thus Yahweh’s Gen.12 ‘oath’ (itself a covenant) is ‘unconditional’, guaranteed only by the sovereign Father Yahweh alone.

Excerpt from my Book ‘ Back to the Melchizedek Future ‘.

Yah’s Esteem – David L. Perry Th.D.