The Ex.24:7-8 now ratified Book of the Covenant (BotC) was in fact the first order of Mt. Sinai business, even further under the Melchizedek priesthood (Gen.14:18, Heb.7:11). I suspect, further submit, that this is the one most over-looked foundation, comparison, by which to gage the collage of ALL doctrinal belief systems. One example; TITHING, yet a chapter in itself. It is neither contained in the BotC, 10 Com’dts, nor supported by the New Testament. It is contained in the Book of the Law (BotL – Ex.24:12 – Dt.31:26) to support a Levitical Priesthood we NO longer have (either one! – Col.2:14-Dt.31:26, Heb.7:11-12).
Briefly; Abraham gave (freewill), ‘A’ tithe ‘of recovered items’ (Heb.7:4 – spoils) ONCE in His life (Gen.14:20). This did not include everything that he owned. This is the Melchizedek model of Heb.7:4; so let’s follow it. We have NO record that Isaac ever tithed. However there is ONE account that Jacob/Israel vowed to tithe (Gen. 28:22) that may be the premise of Levitical tithing, that YHWH had never before (the Covenant breech of the ‘gold calf’) required. A (one) freewill tithe does NOT equal the compulsory continual BotL tithing of Mal.3.
If one looks closely at the opening lines of the Book of the Covenant – YHWH said ‘*if* you keep My covenant … you will be My people’ (Ex.19:5-6) – Yah also states – Israel is ‘My Firstborn’ (Ex.4:22/Jer.31:9). But Israel broke the Covenant defiled themselves; no longer undefiled son’s (no longer Yah’s ‘peculiar’ treasured people), now thrust under a Levitical Priesthood with a commanded mandate to collect tithes that were not ‘imposed’ by YHWH at any time before the Covenant breach (Ex.33:5, Jer.2:11; 4:22, Hos.1:9, 1Pt.2:10, Heb.7:5).
It should raise our critical interest that the premier showcase Old Testament Book of Malachi, used universally at Chapter 3 to “prove” Levitical tithing as being spuriously valid in the New Testament; at Chapter 4 charges us directly to “Remember the law of Moses”, specifically the “statutes and judgments” agreed to in Covenant at Mt.Sinai (in Horeb) in the Exodus Chapter of ‘Torah’ (The First 5 Bible Books of Moses).
Mal.4:4 “Remember ye the law of Moses my servant,
which I commanded unto him in Horeb for all Israel,
with the statutes and judgments.” (Heb.4:2)
This is very reminiscent of Psalms 111:9-10; for these ‘statutes and judgments’ are Covenanted as will be shown.
Psalm 111:9 “He sent redemption unto his people: he
hath commanded His covenant for ever: holy and
reverend is His Name.10 The fear of YHWH is the
beginning of wisdom: a good understanding have
all they that do His commandments: His praise endureth for ever.”
This ‘good understanding’ certainly has to do with how we in integrity to this verse conduct our daily lives and seek to teach our own family and others. But first and
foremost is how we apply this ‘Covenant-Commandment’ ‘wisdom’ and ‘good understanding’ to the ‘rightly dividing’ (2Tim.2:15) of His instruction and Truth to be able to conduct our daily lives and teach others true to this same integrity.
Mat 17:24 And when they were come to Capernaum, they that received tribute money came to Peter, and said, Doth not your master pay tribute? :25 He saith, Yes. And when he was come into the house, Yahshua prevented him, saying, What thinkest thou, Simon? who do the kings of the earth take custom or tribute? of their own (sons), or of strangers? :26 Peter saith unto him, Of strangers. Yahshua saith unto him, Then are the (sons) free.
Without taking up a lot of space the words (both primary and root) that define ‘custom’ and ‘tribute’ lean heavily on the idea of ‘tithe’.
The thing to understand of Malachi; YHWH is speaking primarily to the Levitical Priests through Malachi
Mal 1:6 A son honoureth his father, and a servant his master: if then I be a father, where is mine honour? and if I be a master, where is my fear? saith YHWH of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name. And ye say, Wherein have we despised thy name?
Mal 1:10 Who is there even among you that would shut the doors for nought? neither do ye kindle fire on mine altar for nought. I have no pleasure in you, saith YHWH of hosts, neither will I accept an offering at your hand.
(Only priests kindled the altar fire)
Mal 2:1 And now, O ye priests, this commandment is for you.
Mal 3:8 Will a man rob YHWH? Yet ye have robbed me. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee? In tithes and offerings.
Mal 4:4 Remember ye the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded unto him in Horeb for all Israel, with the statutes and judgments.
The following are among the closing words of the Melchizedek Book of the Covenant.
Exo 24:3 And Moses came and told the people all the words of YHWH (covenant statutes), and all the (covenant) judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which YHWH hath said will we do. (Ex.24:7)
These words [including judgments] (Ex.19:5-24:8) did not contain tithe or tithing verbiage.
Gal 3:15 Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man’s covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto.
No adding – No subtracting – The Book of the Covenant (Ex.19:5-24:8) does not contain ‘tithing’ or any such verbiage. You cannot add tithing into this blood ratified Covenant.
However – when the Israelites broke the Covenant (Ex.32); YHWH was going to wipe them all out and start over with Moses (v:10). Moses pleaded for the people, YHWH relented – but now Yah had options. First He consigned all Israel to a Levite Tribe only priesthood (Num.3:12). He also (amongst other things) instituted tithing to support (Num.18:26) that priesthood..
Mal 3:8 Will a man rob Yah? Yet ye have robbed me. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee? In tithes and offerings.
That is interesting – ‘you have robbed me in tithes and offerings’. Tithes is one issue but ‘offerings’ is quite another. An ‘offering’ is ‘offered’; it is not required. How then can you steal by not offering what is not required? The only way you can steal this type of offering is by a 3rd party. In this case the 3rd party is the lower priests who were supposed to dispatch/convey the tithes and offerings of the people to the Temple Alter/High Priest but would shut the temple doors, not kindle the alter, not killing and burning the sacrifice – but keeping it for themselves. In a word; priestly embezzlement.
It must be noted that the New Testament does not support Levitical tithing; However; it does support SOW & REAP [includes all aspects of life NOT just $$$ – not limited to 10%], sowing Heavenward, supporting, giving, etc.
PS – Consider