The Day of Atonement/Yom Kippur

The Day of Atonement / Yom Kippur

Lev 23:27 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto YHWH. 

Clearly no fire is involved in modern atonement proceedings – a clear commandment break.

afflictH6031 (H853) your souls:H5315

H6031
ענה

‛a^na^h
aw-naw’
A primitive root (possibly rather identical with H6030 through the idea of looking down or browbeating); to depress literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively (in various applications). (sing is by mistake for H6030.): – abase self, afflict (-ion, self), answer [by mistake for H6030], chasten self, deal hardly with, defile, exercise, force, gentleness, humble (self), hurt, ravish, sing [by mistake for H6030], speak [by mistake for H6030], submit self, weaken, X in any wise.

H6030
ענה
‛a^na^h
aw-naw’
A primitive root; properly to eye or (generally) to heed, that is, pay attention; by implication to respond; by extension to begin to speak; specifically to sing, shout, testify, announce: – give account, afflict [by mistake for H6031], (cause to, give) answer, bring low [by mistake for H6031], cry, hear, Leannoth, lift up, say, X scholar, (give a) shout, sing (together by course), speak, testify, utter, (bear) witness. See also H1042, H1043.

H853
את
‘e^th
ayth
Apparently contracted from H226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely): – (As such unrepresented in English.)

H226
אות
‘o^th
oth
Probably from H225 (in the sense of appearing); a signal (literally or figuratively), as a flag, beacon, monument, omen, prodigy, evidence, etc.: – mark, miracle, (en-) sign, token.

H225
אוּת
‘u^th
ooth
A primitive root; properly to come, that is, (impliedly) to assent: – consent.

H5315
נפשׁ
nephesh
neh’-fesh
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental): – any, appetite, beast, body, breath, creature, X dead (-ly), desire, X [dis-] contented, X fish, ghost, + greedy, he, heart (-y), (hath, X jeopardy of) life (X in jeopardy), lust, man, me, mind, mortality, one, own, person, pleasure, (her-, him-, my-, thy-) self, them (your) -selves, + slay, soul, + tablet, they, thing, (X she) will, X would have it.

H5314
נפשׁ
na^phash
naw-fash’
A primitive root; to breathe; passively, to be breathed upon, that is, (figuratively) refreshed (as if by a current of air): – (be) refresh selves (-ed).

It is understood that the verbiage before the ‘ :- ‘ is the definition. While the verbiage after is what the translators have taken that word to mean. 

Hence; afflictH6031 (H853) your souls:H5315 seems more correctly to mean – to declare/enunciate testify to ones short comings i.e. sin (by implication Lev.16:30).

H6684
צוּם
tsu^m
tsoom
A primitive root; to cover over (the mouth), that is, to fast: – X at all, fast. 

This word ‘tsum’ does not occur in Torah.

What is more 

The Day of Atonement is not mentioned before or in the Melchizedek Book of the Covenant (Ex.19:5-24:8 – Gal.3:15). The New Testament (the events of Melchizedek renewal) state that Yahshua is the atonement – 1Jn.1:3; 7, Rom.5:11, Col.3:15, Php.2:2, Jn.17:11; 20-23, etc.

Rom 5:10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to Yah by the death of his Son, much more,being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. :11 And not only so, but we also joy in Yah through Yahshua Messiah, by whom we have now received the *atonement*. 

Jn 17:11 And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to thee. Holy Father, keep through thine own name those whom thou hast given me, that they may be one, as we are. 

Jn 17:20 Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word; :21 That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me. :22 And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one :23 I in them, and thou in me, that they may be made perfect in one; and that the world may know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved them, as thou hast loved me. 

Atonements were mentioned during the 40 days while Moses was on top of Mt. Sinai receiving the ‘added’ Law before the Israelites broke the Covenant; but eating was required (Aaron and Sons Ex.29:32-33). A general Atonement was to be made once a year (nondescript Ex.30:10); and a ransom for your souls was to be paid (Ex.30.15-16). But no mention of ‘fasting’ (or afflicting your soul) in a 7th month ‘Atonement’. We will never fully know what the Melchizedek Atonement would have been or looked like; for the Israelites broke the Covenant in just a few days. Fasting (purportedly from ‘afflict your souls’ – Lev. 16:29-31; 23:27) ‘in the seventh month’ was not given till Leviticus; clearly after the Melchizedek Covenant break of Ex.32 and the subsequent Levitical Priesthood injunction.

Another Uncovery – Yah’s Esteem – DrDave

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5 thoughts on “The Day of Atonement/Yom Kippur

  1. I would only add about the fire, that the fire of conviction that brings us to a solemn and repentant frame of mind which should not in my understanding be happening only one day every year. Am i incorrect in this? When we are guilty of something whether intentional or un intentional and it is brought to our knowledge by ruach ha kodesh, we should repent immediately and with all earnestness and sincerity. Blessing
    Shalom

  2. Can we observe Yom Kippur from a Messianic perspective? I know we can keep the feasts for celebration? Yeshua did away with sacrifices of animals. All is done in the heart today. If we look at the spiritual meanings of the feasts and offerings, we can celebrate everyday.

    • Certainly – We are to observe Yom Kippur -it is an Annual Shabbat among the feasts of YHWH (Lev.23:4). As you say – Animal sacrifices are not longer appropriate. It is suspect that fasting ever was. We certainly are to be honest about our own person sins especially on that day – Shabbat Shalom

  3. Maybe you can just rename your blog Torah without all the Jewish stuff! But Torah for the nations without antisemitism would be better.

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